Мониторинг современного состояния
энецкой этнокультурной группы


Кистова Анастасия Викторовна1,
Пименова Наталья Николаевна1


Сибирский федеральный университет

 

Аннотация
Статья рассматривает результаты исследований современного состояния энецкой этнокультурной группы, проживающей на территории Красноярского края (п-в Таймыр). Обобщаются сведения, собранные в результате полевых исследований коренных малочисленных народов Севера и Сибири, красноярскими и уральскими учеными в конце 1990-х – начале 2000-х годов. 
Определяются основные особенности современного состояния энецкого народа, включая специфику самоидентификации, традиционного уклада жизни, энецкого языка и традиционных предметов быта. 
Описаны результаты экспедиции в район компактного проживания энцев в августе 2018 года. Делаются выводы о текущем состоянии энецкой этнокультурной группы, обозначаются возможные перспективы.
Ключевые слова: Энцы, коренные малочисленные народы, Красноярский край, полевые исследования, мониторинг современного состояния


https://doi.org/10.31804/2542-1816-2018-2-4-20-40


Исследование осуществлено при поддержке Автономной некоммерческой организации «Экспертный центр – Проектный офис развития Арктики» (ПОРА)» по выполнению научно-исследовательских работ «Создание энцкой (энецкой) письменности как способа сохранения уникального культурного наследия коренных малочисленных народов Севера».


Мonitoring of the current state of the enets ethnocultural group


Kistova Anastasiya Victorovna1,
Pimenova Natalya Nicolaenna1
Siberian Federal University


Abstract
This article considers the study results of the current state of the Enets ethnocultural group living within the territory of Krasnoyarsk Territory (the Taymyr Peninsula).
It generalizes the data collected from the field studies conducted by Krasnoyarsk and Ural scientists in the late 1990s and early 2000s in relation to the indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North and Siberia. The article defines the main characteristics of the Enets’ current state, including their self-identification, traditional way of life, language and traditional household items. It also describes the results obtained in August 2018 from the expedition to the area compactly inhabited by the Enets. 
The article presents the conclusions of the Enets ethnocultural group’s current state and indicates possible prospects.


Key-words: enets, indigenous small-numbered peoples, Krasnoyarsk Krai, field studies, monitoring of the current state


This study was supported by the Autonomous Nonprofit Organization «Expert Center – Project Office for Arctic Development» (PORA)» aimed at executing the research works «Creation of the Ents (Enets) Writing System as a Means of Preservation of the Unique Cultural Heritage of Indigenous Small-Numbered Peoples of the North».

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