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Publication ethics


The Editor-in-Chief, the Editorial Board and the Editorial Board of the scientific journal "Northern Archives and Expeditions" undertake to comply with the guidelines and recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and to take into account the experience of authoritative international journals and publishers.

The Editorial Board of the journal "Northern Archives and Expeditions" (hereinafter referred to as the Journal) makes every effort to comply with the ethical standards accepted by the international scientific community.


Evaluation of articles

All articles undergo a double-blind review process and must meet academic quality standards. If approved by the editor, submissions will be reviewed by reviewers whose identities will remain anonymous to the authors.

The journal team may seek advice beyond standard peer review, such as on ethics-related materials. We may consult the peer reviewers before deciding on appropriate action, including evaluation by additional editors and refusal to consider the submission further.


Originality and plagiarism 

Ethical standards for publications are needed to ensure the high quality of scholarly publications, the credibility of scholarly research on the part of the public.

It is necessary to avoid:

Data fabrication and falsification: data fabrication means that the researcher did not do any work and made up the data. Data fabrication means the researcher did the experiment, but then changed some of the data. Both of these actions undermine people's confidence in scientists.

Plagiarism: Using someone else's ideas and work without giving them credit is dishonest and unfair. Copying at least one sentence from another's manuscript or even your own from a previously published manuscript without a citation is considered plagiarism - convey the meaning in your own words. Articles with more than 85% originality in the Anti-Plagiarism system will be accepted for consideration. All citations used must have correct references.

Submitting to multiple journals: It is unethical to submit one manuscript to more than one journal at a time. Such actions are time-consuming for editors and reviewers and can damage the reputation of journals if a manuscript is published in more than one scholarly publication.

Manuscripts found to be plagiarized by other authors will be rejected. Any published articles may need to be corrected or reviewed.

Duplicate Publications: means publishing similar manuscripts based on the same experiment. This will result in readers not paying attention to your manuscripts.

Misattribution: All authors cited must have made significant scientific contributions to the study. Be sure to identify everyone who made significant scientific contributions, including students and lab assistants.


Duties of the Editor-in-Chief, the Editorial Board and other editorial management bodies

The Editorial Board organizes the evaluation of the manuscript, ensures proper confidentiality of the materials submitted to the Journal, identifies conflicts of interest and resolves arising ethical conflicts.

When receiving materials (manuscripts), the Editorial Board controls the compliance of the authors with the rules of manuscript submission, including the presence of the abstract, keywords, bibliography list.

The Editorial Board evaluates the manuscript for compliance with the journal's subject matter and appoints two reviewers with sufficient qualifications to assess the quality of the submitted materials. When appointing reviewers, the editorial board proceeds from the need to ensure the absence of a conflict of interest and the integrity of the review.

The Editorial Board organizes the examination of the submitted manuscript according to the principle of double-blind reviewing. The reviewers are free to make motivated critical comments on the level and clarity of the presented material, its compliance with the journal profile, novelty and credibility of the results. The recommendations of the reviewers are the basis for the final decision on the publication of the article.

The decision on the publication is made by the editorial board in accordance with the journal's policy, taking into account the current legislation in the field of copyright. Manuscripts are evaluated solely on their scientific content, without regard to the race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnicity, citizenship and political views of the authors.

The editor, members of the editorial board and all editorial staff are not allowed to disclose information about submitted works to anyone except the respective authors, reviewers and the editor-in-chief.

The editor, members of the editorial board and editorial staff have no right to use unpublished materials used in the submitted manuscript in their own research without the written consent of the author.

If an ethical complaint is filed concerning a submitted manuscript or a published article, the editorial board takes reasonable retaliatory measures. Every report of unethical behavior is considered, even if it comes years after the publication of the article. If the complaint is upheld, appropriate corrections, retractions or apologies are published.


Responsibilities of authors

Authors submit a paper that represents the results of their own original research. All authors whose names appear in the submission are expected to have made significant contributions to the work and are collectively responsible for the results.

If the manuscript is co-authored, it is expected that consent to submit the manuscript has been explicitly obtained from all co-authors at the initial submission stage. If correspondence regarding the manuscript is conducted by one co-author on behalf of all others, that person is responsible for ensuring that all co-authors receive all information about their work.

The journal expects that the manuscript has been prepared for the specific academic audience of that journal and has not been sent to other journals for simultaneous review. Nevertheless, we recognize that authors have the right to submit their manuscripts elsewhere at the same time - however, if this has been done, we urge authors to inform the Editorial Board. If an author's manuscript has been approved for publication by any of the journals to which it has been submitted, the author must immediately withdraw the manuscript from all other journals. If an author neglects this requirement, their manuscript may be rejected by the journal at any stage. Although our journal may accept for review a manuscript that was simultaneously submitted to another journal, it will not publish or even approve for publication such a manuscript.

Authors may not submit manuscripts that have been previously published, in whole or in part; manuscripts that represent the same results of the same study that have already led to a similar publication for consideration. The journal expects that authors may consider their manuscripts as a potential part of their future books or monographs, but not vice versa.

If an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his or her published work, he or she must immediately notify the editor or manager of the journal and assist them in correcting or correcting the error. If the editor or manager learns from a third party that a published work contains material errors, the author is notified, and the author is required to immediately remove or correct the errors or provide the editorial board with evidence that the original article is correct.

Authors have the right to withdraw their manuscript at any time while it is under review.


Duties of reviewers

The main task of the reviewer is an objective and rapid assessment of the compliance of materials (manuscripts) with the journal topics, scientific novelty and the level of the results presented in the manuscript, the quality of materials preparation and formulation of recommendations on the publication of materials, their revision or rejection with an appropriate level of confidentiality, following generally accepted standards of objectivity ensuring non-disclosure of information and timely reporting of conflicts of interest.

The reviewer makes a significant contribution to the activities of a scientific journal. His/her expertise helps the editor in making editorial decisions and through the cooperation of the editor and the author can help the author to improve his/her work.

Reviewers must identify relevant published work in the peer-reviewed material that has not been properly cited or referenced by the authors. The reviewer must also draw the editor's attention to substantial or partial similarities with any other work with which the reviewer is directly familiar.

Unpublished material used in the submitted manuscript should not be used in the reviewer's own research without the written consent of the author. Closed information or ideas obtained during the review must remain confidential and not be used for personal gain.

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