Отечественные практики сохранения
культурного наследия бесписьменных
народов


Колесник Мария Александровна
Сибирский федеральный университет,
Смолина Майя Гавриловна

Сибирский федеральный университет


Аннотация
В статье исследуется российский опыт создания письменности для народов с ранее бесписьменной культурой проблемно-хронологическим методом, с выделением основных стадий и социальных механизмов, позволивших внедрить проект письменности. Подробно исследуется пример с созданием хакасской письменности, который является достаточно репрезентативным. Результаты могут быть использованы для
учета при проектировании письменности некоторых нуждающихся в этом коренных малочисленных народов Сибири.
Ключевые слова: создание письменности, народы Сибири, хакасская письменность, коренные малочисленные народы Севера и Сибири.


https://doi.org/10.31804/2542-1816-2018-2-4-41-53


Исследование осуществлено при поддержке Автономной некоммерческой организации «Экспертный центр – Проектный офис развития Арктики» (ПОРА)» по выполнению научно-исследовательских работ 
«Создание энцкой (энецкой) письменности как способа сохранения уникального культурного наследия коренных малочисленных народов Севера».


Domestic practices of preservation
of the cultural heritage of peoples having
no written languages


Kolesnik Мariya Alexandrovna
Siberian Federal University,
Smolina Mayya Gavrilovna
Siberian Federal University


Abstract
This article considers a Russian experience of creating writing systems for peoples having historically unwritten cultures through the problematic and chronological method based on the individualization of main stages and
social mechanisms that allowed us to implement our writing project. It also carefully examines a representative example of the creation of the Khakas writing system. The results may be used for consideration when developing
writing systems for some indigenous small-numbered peoples living in Siberia and having such needs.

Key words: Creation of writing, peoples of Siberia, Khakas writing system, indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North and Siberia.


This study was supported by the Autonomous Nonprofit Organization «Expert Center – Project Office for Arctic Development» (PORA)» aimed at executing the research works «Creation of the Ents (Enets) Writing System as a Means of Preservation of the Unique Cultural Heritage of Indigenous Small-Numbered Peoples of the North».

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