УДК 364.6 (571.51)

 

Основные направления исследований по городской среде Красноярска

Смолина Майя Гавриловна,

Сертакова Екатерина Анатольевна

Сибирский федеральный университет

Аннотация

Обзор научной литературы по городской среде города Красноярска проводится с определением основных направлений исследования данной темы, анализом репрезентативных научных публикаций, отражающих фиксацию характеристик и динамику изменения среды. Результатом стал анализ свыше 50 источников, включая прикладные проекты и результаты опросов жителей и экспертов. Областью применения результатов статьи является исследование в рамках проекта РФФИ по городским трансформациям Красноярска с 1990-2010 гг. В результате определено, что современные исследования Красноярска проходят по следующим направлениям: результаты диагностики по определению уровня экологической благополучности города, мониторинги общественного мнения и исследования причин миграций образованной молодежи, а также эстетическая критика территории, каталогизация историко-культурного и архитектурного наследия, обсуждения градостроительного плана и проблемы его воплощения, а также проблем всеобщей мобильности горожан, включая доступность городской среды для маломобильных граждан. Более того, в статье обращается внимание на градостроительный замысел «города-сада» как на воплощение синтеза социальных, эстетических и экологических интенций общества.

 Ключевые слова:

Красноярск, городская среда Красноярска, экология Красноярска, природа Красноярского края, архитектура Красноярска, градостроительство.

Исследование выполнено при финансовой поддержке Российского фонда фундаментальных исследований, Правительства Красноярского края, Красноярского краевого фонда науки в рамках научного проекта: «Трансформация городской среды Красноярска в 1991-2017 гг.»;

 

Main Areas of Research of Krasnoyarsk Urban Environment

Smolina Mayya G.

Sertakova Ekaterina A.

Siberian Federal University

Abstract

Scientific literature on Krasnoyarsk urban environment is reviewed together with the determination of main areas of research of this subject and analysis of representative scientific publications reflecting the registration of characteristics and dynamics of environmental changes. In a result more than 50 sources were analyzed, including applied projects and results of resident and expert surveys. The results of the article were used in the research carried out within the project of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research on urban transformations of Krasnoyarsk during the period of 1990-2010. It is established that modern researches in Krasnoyarsk are carried out in the following directions: results of diagnostics on the determination of a level of environmental welfare of the city, monitoring of public opinion, researches into the causes of educated youth migration, aesthetic criticism of the territory, classification of historical and cultural and architectural heritage, discussions of a city development plan and problems related to its implementation, as well as problems of general citizens’ mobility, including availability of the urban environment for physically challenged people. Moreover, the article deals with a city-planning design of “a garden city” as the implementation of synthesis of social, aesthetic and environmental intentions of the society.

Key words:

Krasnoyarsk, Krasnoyarsk urban environment, Krasnoyarsk ecology, nature of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, architecture in Krasnoyarsk, city development.

The reported study was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research, Government of Krasnoyarsk Territory, Krasnoyarsk Regional Fund of Science to the research project: «Transformation of urban environment of Krasnoyarsk in 1991-2017

 

 

 

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